Khyber is a district that is 8 Buruds (96 miles) to the north of Medina. Those Jews who were in Medina attempted to discourage Muslims from proceeding on this incursion by showing off the power of Khyber Jews, and that if they saw Khyber and its fortresses they would return before arriving at it, as they had forts as tall as mountains, and had permanently flowing water. Further, Khyber had one thousand arms. Asad and Ghatfan tribes would take shelter against the Arabs only with them.The Prophet (PBUH) took out to Khyber with one thousand and four hundred men, together with two hundred cavaliers. He stayed at Al-Rajee’a, a name of a valley, to block the way between the people of Khyber and Ghatfan. Kinana bin Abu Al-Haqeeq had taken out calling them for support, against half of the dates of Khyber.
In response, Ghatfan headed for Khyber to assist the Jews against the Prophet (PBUH), then they feared that Muslims would attack their families and properties, so they returned. The Prophet (PBUH) arrived in Khyber at night. The Jews had arguments. Al-Harith Abu Zainab advised them to camp outside their forts, and to fight the Prophet (PBUH), as he saw that the Prophet (PBUH), while besieging the forts of Jews, they wouldn’t survive unless they would abide by his judgment.
Some of them were taken as captives (slaves), and others were killed. However, the Jews rejected his opinion, as they were confident of their strongholds on top of mountains. The Prophet (PBUH) besieged the Jews and tighten the siege. He started to open them, fort by fort. Once they realized that they would die, they asked him to release and stop killing them.
He responded to that. Then, they asked the Prophet (PBUH) to let them stay in their territories as they had knowledge of architecture and care for palm trees. The Prophet (PBUH) agreed to their request and traded with them for part of the dates and grains, as the Prophet (PBUH) and his companions had not apprentices to handle that, and they had no time or ability to attend them by themselves.
The land remained in their hands for the rest of life of the Prophet (PBUH), Abu Bakr, and part of the time of Omar bin Al-Khattab as caliph. Then, Omar drove them out of it and evacuated them to Al-Sham (Syria). Of the results of Khyber incursion is that the people of Fadak, when they got the news of what God had inflicted on the people of Khyber, they sent message to the Prophet (PBUH), compromising for half of Fadak. He accepted, and Fadak became pure property of the Prophet (PBUH), as he did not take out to it with horses or ridden camels.
In order to know all the holy sites the foot of the Prophet (pbuh) had treaded on; download Following Prophet Footprints Application which supports navigation maps without an internet connection.