غزوة تبوك

Tabook Incursion

At a time when people were insolvent, and drought prevailed in the country, fruit was ripe, as the people like to stay around their fruit and shades. The Prophet (PBUH) rarely took out in an incursion without camouflaging for another destination, except for those he revealed to the people for the hardness at that time. One day, while preparing for war, he said to Al-Jad bin Qais: “Would you go to fight Bani Al-Asfar?” He said: “O Messenger of Allah, would you permit me not to go, and not put me into trial, as people know that no man likes women as I do?.

I am afraid if I see the women of Bani Al-Asfar I will be impatient.” He said: “I permit you.” On that occasion this verse was revealed: “And among them is he who says, “Permit me [to remain at home] and do not put me to trial.” Unquestionably, into trial they have fallen. And indeed, Hell will encompass the disbelievers.”Some of the hypocrites said to each other: “Do not take out in the heat. So, this verse was revealed: “And they said: “March not forth in the heat.” Say: “The Fire of Hell is more intense in heat”, if only they could understand!”

The Prophet (PBUH) urged the rich to spend on alms giving, and rich men gave in the hope of reward by God. Othman gave three hundred camels, fully equipped, and a thousand dinars in cash. The seven criers came to the Prophet (PBUH) asking for something to ride, so he said: “I can’t find anything to carry you on.” On this occasion this verse was revealed: “you said have nothing whereon tomount you so they return back and their eyes overflow with tears because of this grief that they could not findthe ability to spend.” Olba bin Yazeed got up, prayed at night and cried. Then, he said: “O God you ordered jihad, and urged to be into it. Then, you have not given me what to make strong with your Messenger. You have not provided in the hand of your Messenger what to mount me on. I give alms to each Muslim with every grievance that hit me, including money or physical injury. Then in the morning he was with the people. The Prophet (PBUH) said: “Where is the alms giver this night?” No one got up. Then, he said: “Where is the alms giver?” No one got up, then he came to him and told him.

The Prophet (PBUH) said: “Take the tidings, By God, you were accepted as zakat giver. Those Arabians who had excuses came, but he did not excuse them. He assigned Mohammad bin Maslama Al-Ansari to safeguard Medina. When the Prophet (PBUH) took out, Abdulla bin Ubai, and those who were with him, remained, and some Muslims remained without doubt, including the three; Ka’b bin Malik, Hilal bin Umayya, and Marara bin Al-Rabie’, and Abu Khaithama Al-Salemi, and Abu Thar, then they took out and met him. The Prophet (PBUH) witnessed this incursion accompanied by thirty thousand people, with ten thousand horses. He stayed twenty nights, shortening the prayers. Hercules at that time was in Homs. Ibn Ishaq said: “When the Prophet (PBUH) took out he assigned Ali to safeguard his family.” Hypocrites said: “He left him because he doesn’t want to bear his burden.” He held his weapon and ran to meet him at the Al-Jurf, saying: “O Prophet of God, the hypocrites alleged that you left me because you wouldn’t want to bear my burden.” He said: “They lied, but I left you to safeguard what I left behind, so go back and safeguard my family and your family. Don’t you accept to be to me as Aaron to Moses, however no prophet after me?” He returned. Abu Khaithama entered to his family one hot day, after the Prophet (PBUH) went on for days. He found his two wives in their domes in a botanical garden, each sprayed water in her dome, cooled water and prepared food for him. When he entered he stood at the door of the dome, looked at his two women and what they made. He said: “The Messenger of Allah is in the hardness and heat and wind, and Abu Khaithama is in cold shade, prepared food and a beautiful woman? This is unfair.” Then he said: “By God I will never enter the dome of any of you until I go and catch the Prophet (PBUH), so prepare food and supplies for me.” They did. He rode and took out until he met the Prophet (PBUH) when he stayed at Tabook. Omair bin Wahb Al-Jamhi had met Abu Khaithama on the road and they came together. Approaching Tabook, Abu Khaithama said I have a sin, so you may leave me until I come to the Prophet (PBUH).He did. Once he approached the Prophet (PBUH) while staying in Tabook, people said: “That is a rider on the road coming.” The Prophet (PBUH) said: “Be Abu Khaithama.” They said: “O Messenger of Allah, by God he is Abu Khaithama.” When his camel kneeled down, he came and saluted the Prophet (PBUH), who said to him: “It is a priority for you Abu Khaithama.” Then, he told the Prophet (PBUH) about the news. The Prophet (PBUH) said to him: “Good.” And he prayed for him. When the Prophet (PBUH) passed by Al-Hajar at Thamood houses, he said: “Do not enter to those tortured people, unless you are crying. So, if you are not crying, do not enter, lest you should sustain what happened to them.” He said: “Do not drink from its water and do not take your ablution from for prayers. Whatever dough you have you must give it to the camels, and do not eat anything of it.” He ordered them to drink from the water of the well that the camel of Thamud used to come to for water. In Sahih Muslim, Abu Hameed Al-Sa’edi was quoted as saying: “We took out until we arrived in Tabook, and the Prophet (PBUH) said: “Strong wind will blow on you tonight. No one should get up. Whoever has camel should tie it.” A strong wind blew up, and a man got up, and the wind carried him and threw him at Mount Tay’e. Ibn Ishaq said: “People in the morning had no water. They complained this to the Prophet (PBUH). He prayed to God, and he sent a cloud and it rained, so all people had enough water and even stored water. Then, he took off, and on the way, they said: “This man stayed back.” He says: “Do not mention him, for if he is of good then God will bring him to you, and if not, then God gave you rest from him.” The camel of Abu Thar delayed. When he slowed down on him he took his supplies on his back, then took off following the traces of the Prophet (PBUH) on foot. The Prophet (PBUH) stayed in some of his stops. One of the Muslims looked and said: “O Messenger of Allah, that man is walking on the road.” The Prophet (PBUH) said: “Be Abu Thar.” When they looked at him they said: “O Messenger of Allah, by God, he is Abu Thar.” He said: “May God have mercy on Abu Thar. He will walk alone, die alone, and will be resurrected alone.” When the Prophet (PBUH) arrived in Tabook, the chief of Aila came to him, compromised with him and gave him the Jizia (Islamic tax). The people of Jerba and Athrah came to him and gave him the Jizia. He wrote a letter to them. Then, he sent Khalid bin Al-Waleed to Akaidar Doma, and said to Khalid: “You will find him hunting cows, which rub with their horns the gate of the palace when he can be seen in his fort at a full moonnight” His woman said to him: “Have you seen such as thing before?” He said: “No, by God.” She said: “Who would leave such a thing?” He said: “No one.” Then he ordered to saddle his horse, and some of his family members rode with him. When they took off, they were met with the horses of the Prophet (PBUH), who took him and killed his brother. Khalid came with him to the Prophet (PBUH), and saved him and compromised with him for Jizia, then released him, and he returned to his village. Ibn Ishaq said: “The Prophet (PBUH) stayed in Tabook over ten nights, then returned to Medina.” He said: “Muhammad bin Ebrahim bin Al-Harith Al-Tameemi told me that Ibn Masaud said: “I woke up at night, while together with the Prophet (PBUH) in Tabook incursion. I saw a torch of fire by the side of the army. I followed it with my eyes. I saw the Prophet (PBUH), Abu Bakr and Omar. I saw Abdulla Thul Bijadain (two black dresses) Al-Muzni dead. They were digging for him, and the Prophet (PBUH) in his pit, and Abu Bakr and Omar taking him down to him, and he was saying: “Bring me down your brother.” They brought him down to him. When he prepared him for his pit, he said: “O God, I am satisfied with him, so be pleased with him.” He said: “Abdulla bin Masaud says: “I wish I was the holder of the pit.”The Prophet (PBUH) returned from Tabook, until it was an hour between him and Medina. Owners of Al-Dirar (harm) Mosque had come to him while preparing for Tabook and said: “O Messenger of Allah, we have built this mosque for those sick and needy, and for the rainy nights. We would like you to pray in it.” He said: “I am preparing for travel, after we come back, we will come to you, God willing.” When he stayed at Thu Awan, he received the news of the mosque from Heaven, so he called Malik bin Al-Dakhsham and Ma’n bin Udai. He said: “Go to that mosque, whose people are unfair, and demolish it, and burn it out.” They took off quickly until they came to Bani Salem bin Awf, a group of Bani Al-Dakhsham. He said to Ma’n: “Wait until I come out to you with fire from my family.” He entered to his family and took palm fronds, and set fire on its, then they came out until they entered it, with its people inside, and they burned it out and demolished it. The Almighty Allah revealed: “And [there are] those [hypocrites] who took for themselves a mosque for causing harm and disbelief and division among the believers and as a station for whoever had warred against Allah and His Messenger before. And they will surely swear, “We intended only the best.” And Allah testifies that indeed they are liars.” When the Prophet (PBUH) approached Medina, people came out to meet him, women and children saying:

The full moon appeared to us from the mountain routes of farewell
We should be thankful whenever a callers calls for Allah

Tabook was the last incursion by the Prophet (PBUH) himself. The Almighty Allah revealed the Sura (chapter) of Baraa, which was called at the time of the Prophet (PBUH), and thereafter, Al-Muba’thara (the scattered), as it revealed the inner thoughts and the heartedly secrets of the hypocrites. In Tabook incursion there was the story of Ka’b bin Malik, Marara bin Al-Rabie’ and Hilal bin Umayya Al-Waqefi remaining in Medina, although they witnessed Badr. They had no excuse in remaining behind and not accompanying the Prophet (PBUH). When the Prophet (PBUH) returned to Medina, those hypocrite Arabians who had excuses came, swearing that they had excuses. The Prophet (PBUH) accepted their excuses, and deferred Ka’b bin Malik and his two companions, until God revealed in them and their repentance, as they were of the best believers: “Allah turned (in mercy) to the prophet, the emigrants (of mecca) and the supporters (of Madinah) who followed him when some of their hearts were about to swerve away. He turned to them, indeed, he is gentle, the most merciful. (117)”And He also relented towards the three whose cases had been deferred.118 When the earth, for all its spaciousness, became constrained to them, and their own beings became a burden to them, and they realized that there was no refuge for them from Allah except in Him; He relented towards them that they may turn back to Him. Surely, it is Allah Who is Much Forgiving, Ever Merciful.119”. God made them remain and delayed their repentance to test them and cleanse them from the sin of staying in Medina, as they were saying the truth.

In order to know all the holy sites the foot of the Prophet (pbuh) had treaded on; download Alakoutarassoul application which supports navigation maps without an internet connection.

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