Of the major and most obvious natural landmarks in Medina, Mount Uhud extends as a series of mountains from the east to the west, with a little slope towards the north, at the northern part of Medina. Most of its rocks are red granite, while parts thereof tend to be dark greenish and black. It is permeated by natural cavities or pits that catch storm water most of the days in the year, as they are concealed from the sun rays. Those cavities are called “Al-Maharees.” Uhud is 7 km long and 2-3 km wide. It is about 5 km away from the Prophet Mosque. Near Uhud there spread several small mountains, mainly: Mount Thawr to its north westand Mount Ainain to its south west. At its foot there passes Qanat Valley, which surpasses it to the west to form estuary at the gathering point of floods “Mujamma’ Al-Asyal.” The name of this mountain is correlated to a historic battle that was named after it (Uhud Incursion). The battlefield was the plaza extending between its south western foot and Mount Ainain, which is about 1 km away, and is also called “Jabal Al-Rumat” (The Archers Mountain). Quraish and its allies took out to Medina to have revenge from Msulims and for its people who were killed at Bader Incursion, which took place in the second year of Hegira (immigration) and the Muslims repelled them at that place. The Prophet (PBUH) assigned the archers on Mount Ainain and ordered them not to leave it, no matters the circumstances, until they have his orders. The battle ran and the Muslims were triumphant and the infidels began to run away. Most of the archers thought that the battle was over to the favour of Muslims. So, they came down from the mountain and ignored the cries of their leader. They followed the infidels and started to collect the spoils. Khalid bin Al-Waleed, commander of the infidel musketeers, who had not embraced Islam at that time, took the opportunity and turned expediently around the mountain. They took the rest of the archers by surprise and killed them. Then, they assaulted the Muslims from the back, scattering them. Seventy martyred, including Hamza bin Abdul Muttaleb, the uncle of the Prophet (PBUH). Then, the infidels withdrew and the martyrs were buried in the battle site at the foot of Mount Uhud, between it and Mount Ainain. Their graves are visited by the Muslims, following the Prophet (PBUH), who visited them and prayed for them. Mount Uhud is highly appreciated by Muslims. Several Hadiths were narrated glorifying it, including the Prophet (PBUH) saying: “Uhud is a mountain that loves us and we love it.”
In order to know all the holy sites the foot of the Prophet (pbuh) had treaded on; download Alakoutarassoul application which supports navigation maps without an internet connection.